Overview of the guide ended up being published when you look at the January 2019 version (no. 347) of active Archaeology, plus the volume are available from Oxbow Books.
2020 is CA’s many year that is successful far during the prizes, with our first win to date and an archive three nominations as a whole. CA’s two other nominations had been additionally for collaborative tasks, with Revealing Boxford’s Ancient Heritage nominated for research study of this 12 months, and Workout Shallow Grave up for Rescue venture of the season.
Congratulations to any or all regarding the honor winners!
A site that is moated Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire
Final autumn, the CA industry group excavated a site that is moated Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire. The moat had mainly been infilled throughout the belated century that is 20th while post-medieval domestic structures inside the inside had been demolished adhering to a fire in 2005. The moat is currently surrounded by a sizable commercial property and business park, though it initially occupied a rural location. Regardless of this, it had been deeply stratified, requiring three stages of technical stripping.
The demolished remnants for the post-medieval domestic structures within, and bridge that is contemporary, the moat
The first site strip identified the later moat fills as well as the 18th and 19th-century domestic structures, all of which correlated closely with the available 19th-century cartographic evidence at the west of the site. Disappointingly, the moat here had been fairly shallow, typically a maximum of 2m deep, and just eighteenth to 20th-century artefacts had been restored from in the four hand-excavated interventions.
The area developed by the moat included a wide range of later medieval/early post-medieval ditches and a rock culvert, that have been demonstrably cut because of the moat’s western arm before expanding beyond the limitation associated with web web site. This advised that the western an element of the surviving moat ended up being maybe maybe perhaps not medieval in beginning, but perhaps element of a much later formal landscaped garden, contemporaneous aided by the post-medieval buildings.
Away from moat, straight away to your north, re-stripping unveiled the impact of a big medieval aisled barn. This rock building ended up being very near to a brick that is post-medieval over the moat’s north arm, showing that the building therefore the connection are not contemporaneous. The rock barn is at minimum 35m long, 8m wide, along with eight surviving main rock post-pads within its interior. It absolutely was roofed with Cotswold rock slates, although just the smaller pegged tiles survived.
The post-medieval arm that is western of moat
Hand-excavation in the moat’s northern and eastern hands unveiled a sequence that is strikingly different and here it reached a level of 3.5m. Organic-rich fills lay under the post-medieval build up and, significantly, the initial fills produced exclusively 12th to 14th-century pottery.
A bridge, contemporaneous with all the moat that is medieval, ended up being identified crossing the eastern supply, comprising inside and external rock abutments of finely dressed and coursed limestone. Two big, squared timbers (each 5m long and 0.4m square) had been included in to the stonework, started regarding the uncovered natural clays in the moat’s base. Several upright timbers was integrated in to the base timbers with mortice and tenon bones. The exterior stonework had suffered a catastrophic failure, which presumably rendered this bridge unusable while the interior stone abutment survived in good condition.
The medieval rock abutments and exposed timber framework proof for the failure of this external rock abutment pressing from the timber that is upright
The findings bring into concern the actual degree associated with the medieval moated website. It really is now speculated that the initial medieval moat enclosed a much bigger area, probably expanding west into an area truncated by modern flooding alleviation works. This postulated the main moat might have been truncated (or entirely abandoned) whenever a early post-medieval mill competition had been built over the western limitation for the site. The surviving western arm is very much indeed later (perhaps 18th century) and operates parallel using the mill competition; its likely interpretation is really as a post-medieval yard function, albeit the one that perhaps re-instated the characteristics and grandeur of a moated website.